Michael Horton gives us space to maneuver...

A week or so ago, I read this from Escondido Westminster Seminary's Michael Horton:

Instantaneous creation of Adam and Eve is not explicitly required by the text or its subsequent interpretation, but the historicity of a first human couple with whom God entered into covenant is indispensable to theology at significant points in almost every locus. (from Horton's Lord and Servant, p. 118; quoted by Daniel Wells)

How scandalous this should be among the people of God. Westminster Escondido's Michael Horton joins Covenant Seminary's Jack Collins in declaring that "the text" of Genesis does "not explicitly require" that Adam was created by God "instantaneously" from the ground, or that Eve was created by God "instantaneously" from Adam's rib. Rather, Horton says the Bible would allow for—what? Adam and Eve's extrusion, evocation, emanation, or evolution over a period of time?

And what of the water Jesus changed into wine? Does "the text" of Scripture or that text's subsequent interpretation "not explicitly require" that change to be instantaneous, either? Did time sloooooooooowwwwwwwww waaaaaaaaaaayyyyyyyyyyyy doooooowwwwwwwnnnnnnnnnnnn so that the wine would not have the appearance of age, but true vintage?

Truthfully, which of us is surprised to read Christian intellectuals telling us it's OK to stretch Scripture onto the Procrustean bed of science?

Tim Bayly

Tim serves Clearnote Church, Bloomington, Indiana. He and Mary Lee have five children and fifteen grandchildren.


I'm constantly amazed at the things people (we/I) are willing to change to fit whatever idea we happen to love more than God and His word at the moment. When I first heard of this idea a few years ago back when a homeschool convention in Cincinnati was going to have side-by-side both Ken Ham and Peter Enns, I thought everything about it was nuts. I still remember sitting and just thinking through the repercussions of this heresy and could not get my brain to wrap aroung even the most basic of their premises, that Adam and Eve were not necessarily literal humans (among other stupid ideas). As I've heard you say, Tim, "You have to be educated to be that dumb."

Thank you for this blog, for all the hard, hard work that goes in to it, and for the love of God's people that you show through it. I can never keep up on all of it, always behind, can't understand a good third of what I read, but I continue to plod through, knowing it is part of God's provision to me to be able to "walk with the wise" in this way.


Sandy :)

Dear Sandy, you're very welcome, dear sister. You have shared so much with us through your family that our debt remains deep. May God comfort you in your recent sadness. With love,

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