(Tim) There's a parable in this blog post by the Atlantic's star correspondent, James Fallows, and I'm foolish enough to hope others see it...
The question isn't whether each side has its weaknesses and dangers. Yes, even if it's a med-vac flight and the patient is dying, the Japanese might not fuel the plane if their protective cuff is missing. And the Chinese might be siphoning from a barrel of olive oil.
The trick is to get the Japanese to appreciate the Chinese drive to accomplish something, and not simply to put on a good show; and the Chinese to appreciate the dangers the Japanese avoid by being meticulous.